Wednesday, June 26, 2013

Wednesday Weekly Update 2


Last post, I mentioned that I had put together a container with Green Onions, Cinnamon Basil, and Sweet Basil for some friends. I was down in DC for birthdays this weekend and the gift went over well. In my personal life, I have been striving to be more "present" in my life meaning to ignore my phone/text/emails/etc when Im with my friends. To focus intensely on whatever Im dealing with at that most. Ironically, by giving up the quest to do five things at once, I have found that Im happier and more productive. This weekend was a big test for me. I watered my plants on Friday and had a friend coming to water to water them on Sunday. In my head, I thought this would be enough, but in my heart, I was a little concerned. Monday night, when I should have been sleeping in DC getting ready to head back on NYC on Tuesday, I looked at the weather report and just about had a nervous breakdown looking at how incredibly hot The City was while I was away. And remember, it is always hotter on the rooftop than the surrounding area.
When I arrived home on Tuesday night, I ran up the stairs to the roof and saw a complex picture (sadly, I was too frantic to think about taking pictures). Oddly, my plants all seemed to have had a growth spurt and to be look super wilted. I broke one of my cardinal rules of only watering in the morning because I was honestly concerned that some plants in the smaller containers would not have made it until the morning. I was able to go to sleep happily listening to a gentle light rain overhead, too. So how did the plants look in the morning, lets see below. (I had the flash off this morning, so the pictures look like I have a lame instagram filter on them, but I dont. Sorry about that.)

Blue Corn, Alaska Peas, and Sugar Snap Peas in DIY Container B

Container last week

3 Stalks are baby Blue Corn all others are either Alaska Peas and Sugar Snap Peas. This week.
So, the corn stalks literally doubled in height and thickness. I am still having the issue of the peas growing faster than the corn, so I cant really train the peas up the corn. This weekend, I will stand up two bamboo stakes on the side and train the peas up them. The giant leaves with rounded edges do not look like peas to me, but I already had enough comedy of errors in the container so they will remain for now. I really hope that they are not squashes. As for the freakish growth spurt, I am not sure if it is the excessive heat, their natural growth cycle, or the fact that the soil was able to dry out completely before watering. I plan to do some experiments in the future.

Sweet Potatoes in DIY Container

2 Beauregard Sweet Potatoes and 4 "Purple Passon" Sweet Potatoes

Something is eating my Sweet Potato leaves!
And there is a weird rust coloring around the bites.

This morning, I planted out four of the "Purple Passions" in this container. The two Beauregards that were already there seem to be doing well. Some pest seems to be munching on some of the leaves. I have checked underneath the leaves of all the plants on the roof and havent found the culprit, which means that it is probably a transient pest. I think that means that I shouldnt panic or use a garlic spray for now, but will ask the farm director (who knows just about everything farming) tomorrow at the Bushwick Campus Farm.

Empty DIY Container C - will be used to plant out Purple Passions

5 "Purple Passions" awaiting planting
 On Saturday, Im going to be doing a work day and will be planting out these plants then. I wanted to wait a couple days to see if there was any issue with the ones that were planted out today. If there is, then I will be recruiting one of my expert gardener friends for help. I refuse to lose another group of sweet potatoes!

Sunburst Sunflowers and Butterfly/Hummingbird Mix - DIY Container D

5 Sunburst Sunflowers and hummingbird/butterfly mix

The sunflower plants have also had a huge growth spurt. The leaves have an interesting texture. It is kinda softly prickly versus the hard prickles of Borage. Never noticed this on a sunflower plant before. Everything else in here seems to be growing well in here. As opposed to the container below.

Sunburst and Beneficial Bug Attractors in DIY Self-Watering Container 1

Three Sunburst Sunflowers surrounded by a Beneficial Bug mix.

A closeup in the container. Many of the Beneficial Bug plants are dying out since the sunflowers are taking over.

In this container, the sunflowers have pretty much taken over. The leaves are so big that they are blocking the smaller plants below. As I have a mild obsession with sunflowers, I am going to allow this to continue and just plant two other containers with the plant mix. Hopefully, the beneficial bugs come soon as something is attacking my sweet potatoes.

Strawberries and German Chamomile

A strawberry!
As I was cutting off the flowers and runners to promote root growth on my two strawberry plants, I expected that this year I would go strawberry-less. It looks like I have a total of five so far, tho. Woohoo! The leaves on one of the plants is a little yellow, but this will hopefully be taken care of with a nice dose of chicken poop tea on Saturday. I will include the how-to then. The German Chamomile still has two plants struggling to come through, but again, I do not care much at this point.

Individual Herb Containers

Lavender A
Lavender B


Everything looks good here! Hoo ray for Mediterranean herbs that love the heat and actually do better when they are allowed to dry out before watering.

Mixed French Culinary Herbs

Mild discoloration on leaf.

French herb mixture

Things seem to be going well here. Again, it is a group of herbs that love drying out before watering. One of the leaves is a little discolored, which probably means a little Potassium deficiency. On my Saturday workday, I will be using a little chicken poop tea on the plants. This should handle the situation. If not, Ill feed them with a little bone meal.

A Pepper Plant and Marigolds in DIY Self-Watering Container 2

Pepper Plant and Marigolds
 So the pepper plant seems to be doing really well and the Marigolds are starting to bloom. Ill be planting out some Tomatoes this weekend, and I will be digging up two of the Marigolds here and transfer them over to the new container. Given how little space the actual pepper plant is taken up in the container, I think that I might be able to fit two in one container next year. If only it would hurry up and fruit so I can figure out what kind of pepper plant that it is!

Paul Robeson and Brandywine Tomatoes in DIY Self-Watering Container 3 and 4

Paul Robeson Tomato on left and Brandywine on right
The Paul Robeson plant really thrived in the past week, too. Last night, I went through and picked off the flowers and the fruit. I will prune both of these plants on Saturday to allow for better air circulation and hopefully force the plant to get a little bit taller before allowing it to fruit.

Solo Purple Mizuna Plants (3) and Mint Plants (2)

Purple Mizuna plants in the center. Mint top and bottom.
So, Im still figuring out how to get the angles right on the photographs for the blog as you can see. These plants seriously looked completely dead last night. They have been incredibly revived over night. I have the mint nearby to ward off pests as they are still a little weakened.

Kale and Purple Mizuna in DIY Self-Watering Container 3

Jagged edges = Purple Mizuna and Bumpy leaves = Kale
 As you can see here. The Purple Mizuna just grows unbelievably well in the self-watering container. Ill be planting out the other three Purple Mizunas in a container this weekend. I made a salad with the Purple Mizuna on Friday and by Wednesday this is how it looks. What a prolific grower.

Various Plants Awaiting Planters 

Squashes, German Chamomile, Cinnamon Basils, Sunflowers, and more
Basil with some droopy leaves. Just about all the leaves on the roof looked like that last night.
Brandywine awaiting a container this weekend.
Paul Robeson struggling under the heat started shooting out flowers.
Flowers before picking.
All of these bad boys will be planted out this weekend.
Things look like they are going slowly but surely here. Most of these will be planted out during the Saturday workday.

Thats all for this week. Thanks for reading!
- Monti

Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Wednesday Weekly Update 1

Since a major reason Im doing this blog is to keep a garden journal, I am going to try and keep myself on a schedule of doing a weekly update. Here goes the first one.

2 Sweet potato plants thriving

Sweet Potatoes in DIY Container A

One of the hard lessons of gardening/urban farming is knowing when to cut your losses. I originally ordered 10 sweet potato plants and after it taking a week to get to me and using too much worm compost in the soil, all but two were struggling. The old me would have spent a lot of time trying to bring the failing plants back to life. While possible, the effort isnt worth it since pests have a freakish ability of going directly for your weakest plants and attacking. Following my new thesis of ordering specialty plants from specialty providers, I ordered 15 "purple passion" sweet potato plants from and all but 1 seem to be doing well in sterile potting soil with a layer of rocks on the bottom to ensure that they get enough drainage this time. I plan on planting out 8 of these and giving the rest to some of my friends from the Bushwick Campus Farm. Gardening is all about sharing the love.

14 "purple passion" sweet potato plants hardening off in the tray.
Behind them are from left to right - 2 tatsoi plants and 2 mint plants.

Planned Leafy Greens Area/Purple Passions

The 2 tatsoi plants and mints that I bought from the Bushwick Campus Farm are doing really well. The leafy green plants that I had started from seed...not so much. I thought that they were big enough to be unappealing to birds who have eagle eye's when it comes to seedlings for some reason. I was wrong. The easy fix is to cut the bottom off of a 1-liter bottle and and using the top to cover the plant. Ill have a picture to show this idea next week when I have my new seedlings on the roof. As for the tatsoi and mint, I have tried a couple different parts of the roof and they seem to do well in each environment, so I will keep them here with the other planned leafy greens for aesthetic reasons. The "purple passions" will be planted out or given away on Thursday/Friday and are just hardening off for the time being.

3 Stalks are baby Blue Corn all others are either Alaska Peas and Sugar Snap Peas.

Blue Corn, Alaska Peas, and Sugar Snap Peas in DIY Container B

This container has been a comedy of errors. The first plan was to do the "three sisters" in the container. While possible, I thought it a bit too ambitious and settled on 2 kinds of peas surrounding the corn and hoping that all the peas would achieve the same effect of the squash by crowding out the weeds. All good there. Then, the errors begin. First, I wanted to slightly hill the corn a little bit, so I planted those first and the plan was to let them get up to a foot and then hill to 6 inches then plant the peas. For the first couple of weeks, the original five corn starts were doing well but growing far more slowly than I originally planned so I tried to hill them an inch and plant the peas. During that time, I made a new gardening friend who was interested in the blue corn and I gave her my last five seeds thinking that my plants were good so I didnt need them. Somehow during the hilling process 2 of the corn plants just stopped growing. Now, one is struggling and one is dead. As everything I read says that corn needs at least 4 nearby corn plants to germinate, Im nervous that Im going to have to hand-pollinate to be able to get corn if that is even possible. Here, Im leaving the struggling plant in the hope that it will pull through. As for the peas, I planted them and some sunflowers directly in their respective pots at the same time. Both started to germinate at the same time and look EXACTLY alike. As I didnt have that many sunflower seeds, I look in their containers and all the seeds I planted have sprouted so Im confused how they have also sprouted in the blue corn container, too. Thinking the pea sprouts to be weeds or magic sunflower seeds which have jumped over to this container, I pull them up and plant more peas as they have not sprouted, yet. This cycle happened one more time before I realized that I was being silly and the "weeds" I had been pulling up were actually the peas. Sigh. In the future, I will ensure to use logic and plant signs. Lesson learned.

Empty DIY Container C - will be used to plant out Purple Passions

5 Sunburst Sunflowers in the center and hummingbird/butterfly mixed plants surrounding them.

Sunburst Sunflowers and Butterfly/Hummingbird Mix - DIY Container D

The sunburst sunflowers (if everything goes right) should be able 2 feet tall with a 10" head. As I am obsessed with sunflowers, these are the flowers that Im most excited about. I have five plants here and should probably thin them down to three, but it is my first time growing them and I want to test the limits of what is possible. I have heard urban legends of people spotting hummingbirds in Brooklyn, so I have used a mix of flowers here which are supposed to attract them and butterflies. Everything seems to be thriving here and I am already fantasizing about relaxing on the roof, reading a book, and being surrounded by hummingbirds and butterflies.

Green Onions in center. Cinnamon Basil on the bottom and three Sweet Basil plants at various stages.

Green Onions, Basil, and Cinnamon Basil for friend

These are some of one of my best friends favorite herbs and as he has no green thumb, I grew them for his birthday present and will be giving them to him this weekend in DC. They have done really well on the roof and so I hope they do as well on his balcony. The Sweet Basil plants (3) were started from seed and the Cinnamon Basil was bought from the Bushwick Campus Farm. The advise that I always give friends without a green thumb for a planter this size is to stick his index finger in the soil down to his knuckle, if is feels dry, then put 4 ice cubes on the soil and let them melt slowly. This seems to work well.

Strawberries on either side and Chamomile in center. Purple Mizuna growing separately below.

Strawberries and German Chamomile

In my last post, I wrote about my insane experience trying to order strawberry plants from a certain company. A month ago, I was able to find a total of 2 strawberry plants at Home Depot so I snagged them. Originally, I wanted to grow lavender and chamomile in this container, hence all the gravel mixed into the soil, but I decided that the container didnt drain fast enough for the lavender and gave them their individual containers. As this is the first of (hopefully) five years with these strawberry plants, I had been cutting off the flowers and runners until the jiffy pots the strawberry no longer were able to be pulled out easily. I wanted the roots to set as much as possible and we are finally at that milestone, which means I might get a total of 2 strawberries this year, but hopefully many more in the future. As for the chamomile. Either, it is the slowest growing plant or something is wrong. I dont care strongly either way, so Im just going to leave it alone for now.

2 Lavender Plants


Individual Herb Containers

Note, to self, everyone would be better served with a closeup of these plants in the future. Anyway, all four of these plants were bought and seem to be doing well. The lavender here seem to be doing much better after I have them in their own containers with a lot of drainage holes. Now, they are a little more tricky though since I have to monitor them twice a day to see if they need watering. Thankfully, the future harvest will make the work worth it. No scent calms me more than lavender.

Sorrel, Cilantro and other herbs

Mixed French Culinary Herbs

Originally, I wanted to grow this in my kitchen. They were growing so leggy there that I transferred them to the roof. Since the container is small enough, Ill be able to add it to the table during dinner parties so  the effect will still be the same I guess. Next week, Ill complete the wood pallet planter and will use that to grow a bigger collection of mixed herbs.

3 Sunburst Sunflowers surrounded by a Beneficial Bug mix

Sunburst and Beneficial Bug Attractors in DIY Self-Watering Container 1

Next week, I will be making a video showing how I make my self-watering containers. In this container, I have some plants which attract beneficial bugs like wasps to the garden to fight off some pests. They all seem to be going well here.

Some kind of pepper plant surrounded by marigolds.

A Pepper Plant and Marigolds in DIY Self-Watering Container 2

This pepper was started indoors this fall. His brother didnt quite make it. Im honestly not sure what kind of pepper it is, but am pretty sure that it is a Tabasco pepper plant. Im going to have to trim up the marigolds this week as I think this container could use some better airflow, but generally everything seems to be growing well.

Left - Paul Robeson and Cinnamon Basil. Right - Brandywine and 2 Marigolds

Paul Robeson and Brandywine Tomatoes in DIY Self-Watering Container 3 and 4

These plants were bought from the Bushwick Campus Farm and seem to be doing well. I have another set in the "Various Plants" section. They all look to be thriving at the same right, so I shouldnt worry about transferring the other tomatoes too too much, but will hopefully do it when I get back in town early next week. Will also need to add support structures for the tomatoes, too.

Two Purple Mizuna plants

Jagged edges are Purple Mizuna and Rounded edges are Tuscan Kale

Solo Purple Mizuna and Kale and Purple Mizuna in DIY Self-Watering Container 3

The three Purple Mizunas were all bought at the same time from the Bushwick Campus Farm. It is amazing to me how differently they are growing. In the second picture, I wanted to use the Purple Mizuna to take up space while the Kale grew up. I have already harvested this plant three times and it seems bigger every day. The other two solo plants are growing much more slowly, so I might have to add those two to a larger self-watering container together. For now, Im trying to test which spot on the roof allows them to thrive the most. I love experimenting. Im very very pleased at the progress of the Kale. It is such a slow grower in the beginning, but seems to be hitting its stride.

Sunflower, Texas Blue Bonnets, Peas, and several Basil Plants

2 Cinnamon Basil Plants
Paul Robeson and Brandywine Tomatoes

Various Plants Awaiting Planters

Below, I note my struggles finding containers, but these will all be planted out soon. Ill have to remember to tilt the smaller containers to maximize sunlight.

"Working" pile
"Addition" Pile

Compost Piles

The "working" pile has dramatically cooled down, so I think that it is nearing completion, which is good since my other pile is almost full. In about 3 weeks, Ill shift through the first pile and transfer everything in the addition pile into the "working" pile since it is so much easier to turn.

6 different kinds of tomatoes. 2 kinds of squash. Quinoa. Two kinds of Basil.

 Tray of Plants Hardening Off

Im still searching for free 5-gallon buckets, which are turning out to be harder to find lately. The following plants are still being harden off and awaiting transplanting when I finally bite the bullet and just buy 5-gallon buckets. Ive given myself a Saturday deadline to either find or buy.

Closing Notes

Overall, Im overbudget in how much that I wanted to spend on the rooftop garden. I had always had plans of a couple financial ventures to allow the garden to partially pay for itself, so those plans will have to be accelerated. Be sure that I will be sharing my progress on those fronts in the future.

Thursday, June 13, 2013

Reflections After One Month

1 - Planning is important. Plans are worthless.

Dreams made during the winter turned into plans drawn out on whiteboards which turned into what I thought was my idealized plan. HA! Just about everything other than the general place each container on the roof was put has been dramatically altered. The upside is that by creating my ideal garden, I was able to make notes about which plants like which soils and what plants make the best and worst neighbors for other plants. Also, it was important to quantify how much compost was needed (I actually overestimated how much was needed) and how many containers, soil, etc was needed (I dramatically underestimated). Thankfully, the skills that I have learned allowed me to quickly adapt my plans and things seem to be back on track. Will I again fantasize and plan this winter for next year? Without a doubt, but hopefully, I will be more informed about the materials needed. Also, I should have far more of the materials (composted soil, seeds, containers, etc) already on hand cutting down on the frustration of purchasing way more items that I originally thought that I needed.

2 - This is a situation where size does matter.

A month ago, I was able to find a plot in a nearby community garden and was over the moon. I was thinking that I would be able to use that plot to grow larger items that I didnt have room for on the roof (full-blown corn and mammoth sunflowers) and plants being grown just for canning (tomatoes for chutneys and pasta sauce). In the interim, I became an apprentice at the Bushwick Campus Farm which requires me do classes/work at the farm for one day a week. Through that program, I excitedly joined the team working on a nearby rooftop to expand our farm operations. Soon after, I found another nearby community garden where there were not any plots available for me to use, but I have been helping out some of the plot farmers (Hi, Danielle!) there and am developing a neat worm composting system for their garden.
Alright, so when I sit down and think about my commitments, it is at least one day a week at the Bushwick Campus Farm. Probably, half a day a week at the other rooftop project. One day every other week at the local community garden. On top of about an hour a day on my rooftop. When I circled back to my community garden plot and stared at the dreadful condition of the plot, I just couldnt get the motivation to double-dig and rush to germinate the seeds to plant there. So, my other option would have been to just slightly till the land and invest even more money in buying plants. After some reflection, I decided to let this plot go. Now, other than my own rooftop garden, all of the other current projects are ones which I do with other people.
Before this growing season, gardening was pretty much a solo hobby for me. Having now gotten involved with other people, Im realizing that having a community brings me more enjoyment than I thought that it would, so Im going to focus my time and energy developing deeper relationships there. An added benefit being that others who garden on their roofs have volunteered their excess space so I will hopefully be able to grow extra tomatoes and cucumbers on their roofs.

3 - Shortcuts have consequences

A - Through some fluke in the universe, I had commitments which had me away from Brooklyn for the month of April (college reunion, coachella, wedding in Thailand), which turned out to be an awesome time but with consequences for my garden. A good friend of mine was able to come over about twice a week to water my plants under my growlight. Those survived well, but the seeds that I was starting did not.
B - I was enticed by an offer by a company (which will go un-named) to get $25 off an order of $50. I asked the telephone operator if their plants/seeds were organic, and she answered "of course." Later, once I was able to think clearly, it became clear that she must have been confused. I have never heard of an organic company which did not tout this. They cant just call themselves organic, there are different groups that verify every aspect of their operation for them to use this designation. So, yeah those plants are not organic, but will be grown an organic way. Next, the order was shipped weeks later and of course came while I was away. A new screwup with the postal service had the mailperson missing the note to leave the package with my neighbor. So, the post office held the package for a week and then shipped it back. So, I get back home and wasnt even able to receive my non-organic seeds and plants. Frustrated, I call the company and explain the situation. The telephone operator understood that neither party did nothing wrong, but she shipped the order again for free. YAY. Somehow that order got messed up and I got one item of 8. Four calls later, they realized the mistake and finally was able to reship the order...minus the strawberry plants as they were out of them. I was honestly seeing red at this point. I am a big believer in buying from local family-owned businesses when possible and here I went for the flashy sale price and paid the price for it. At the same time, I found another online seed company which I believe in and have had much much better interactions with - (affiliate alert - I get a small kickback from the company if you buy from them, but I honestly believe in the product. Do note that not all of their offerings are organic if that is important to you). Also, I have had good results focusing on specialist for certain plants like for sweet potatoes (not an affiliate, but nice Southern folk with a really good product).
C - So after those two failures, it is May. Im back in Brooklyn. I thought that I would be planting out a ton of plants, but NONE were ready. I spent a little money buying some plants so that I could have SOMETHING to look at on the roof and started a ton of other plants from seed. The problem this time, I was out of seed starting soil, so I used vermicompost to start the soil. The logic being many many people swear by the magic of adding a little vermicompost into the hole that you put your seed in, so obviously germinating the seed in the vermicompost will speed the process up, right?! Wrong! Two weeks later, seeing no germination I touched the containers and realized that the worm poop is way way way too heavy for the seeds. Good seed starting mix is super light keeping the seed moist without being saturated. Lesson learned.

Now, with a clearer head and an acceptance that most of the plants will still have time to make it to harvest but some will not. Things finally seem to be on track.

4 - Work with your environment

I knew that the three main issues I was going to have to deal with on the roof were: the heat, the wind, and issues with watering. This is one area where planning was very helpful. Heat - only grow plants that thrive in the heat and use areas with a lot of shade for plants that dont like a lot of sun/heat like lettuce. Wind - use containers with heavy filler weigh them down. Water - use self-watering containers where possible to cut down on watering. The only issues here have been the torrential rains that we have been having actually forces me to dump out the water in the container water reservoirs since most plants like to dry out between watering. I wish that I realized potential for the plants flooding in their containers before I lost a tabasco pepper plant, but hey lesson learned. The wind turned out to be more powerful than I thought, so I had to remove the trays in the TOWER since a tray once flipped over.

5 - No man is an island

Another benefit of getting more involved with the larger gardening community, I have been able to find a ton of new resources. One guy in the area raises chickens, and so I have been able to get free manure from him. I have gotten over my aversion of buying plants/seedlings which I could have grown myself to jumpstart my rooftop garden. Also, others have shared many tips/tricks for rooftop gardening which I will be trying out.

Thats all for now. I hope yall enjoyed reading. Feel free to share what lessons you have learned so far in this growing season.

- Monti

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

How to Make a Super Easy DIY Container from a Large Barrel

Since I was able to acquire a couple barrels, I wanted to make some large containers that I could use to grow my sweet potatoes and blue jade corn. I also used one of the barrels to make a composter.
Im not sure about other cities, but it is easy to find barrels of this size in NYC for about $30. It is important that it is food grade or has not been used before as you do not want to eat anything grown in something with trace toxic stuff hanging around.

Finished product

DIY Containers from A Large Barrel

You will need:

- Drill
- Saw/jig saw
- Cleaning solution
- Measuring tape
- Protective eyewear


1 - Use a cleaning solution to thoroughly clean both the outside and the inside of the barrel.

2 - Use measuring tape to find the middle point on the barrel.

3 - For my jigsaw, I needed to drill a hole on the line where I wanted to cut.

4 - Put on protective eyewear and carefully use the saw to cut the barrel in half.

5 - Carefully, drill 1-inch drainage holes in the bottom of the containers. I also like to do a drainage hole in the lower side of the container as well for extra drainage.

Notice the drainage on the side.

Hope this helps!
- Monti

Wednesday, June 5, 2013

(Belated) Weekend Work Day Update

I was able to squeeze in another work day this weekend. First up was filling out the larger containers that I made a couple weeks ago. This planters were made out of large water barrels and were crazy easy to make. Ill include the instructions in my next update as this one was getting a little long.

Trip to Rose Red and Lavender

I should have taken a picture of the oasis that they have, but I was a bit focused on what I needed to buy. This place had (almost) everything that I was needing to buy. And they delivered to my building for $20!
Any place that offers tea made with freshly picked herbs from their garden and sweeten with honey from their bees is alright with me! If you are looking for plants, floral arrangements, or just a really helpful staff to help you with your garden, please check them out at - -

Work Day over the Weekend

Three bags of soil, styrofoam to use as filler, chicken manure, blood and bone meal. Obligatory glass of wine.
The delivery guy helped me get to the stuff to the roof, so we were able to do it all in one trip.The soil was added to the planters that I made earlier and I was able to plant out the sweet potatoes and fill up some of my other smaller containers. Ill do a final workday this weekend to finish planting out the vegetables and cross my fingers that everything matures before our first frost.

Next, came filling in the planters with some of the awesome soil and topping off with a little blood meal, bone meal, and fertilizer. After mixing it all in and heavy watering, we are ready to transplant the sweet potatoes.

Adding a little bone meal, blood meal, and fertilizer to my planters.

With that completed, I was able to focus on topping off the soil in some of the other containers and transplanting other plants. Then, it was time to relax with that glass of wine and the sunset. More to come later!

- Monti